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DBRS Morningstar Finalizes Provisional Ratings on Freddie Mac STACR REMIC Trust 2022-HQA3

08/15/2022 | 04:25am

DBRS, Inc. (DBRS Morningstar) finalized the following provisional ratings on the Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes (the Notes) issued by Freddie Mac STACR REMIC Trust 2022-HQA3 (STACR 2022-HQA3).


$285.0 million Class M-1A at A (low) (sf)


$146.0 million Class M-1B at BBB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2A at BB (high) (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2B at BB (sf)


$109.0 million Class M-2 at BB (sf)


$109.0 million Class M-2R at BB (sf)


$109.0 million Class M-2S at BB (sf)


$109.0 million Class M-2T at BB (sf)


$109.0 million Class M-2U at BB (sf)


$109.0 million Class M-2I at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2AR at BB (high) (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2AS at BB (high) (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2AT at BB (high) (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2AU at BB (high) (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2AI at BB (high) (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2BR at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2BS at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2BT at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2BU at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2BI at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2RB at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2SB at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2TB at BB (sf)


$54.5 million Class M-2UB at BB (sf)


Classes M-2, M-2R, M-2S, M-2T, M-2U, M-2I, M-2AR, M-2AS, M-2AT, M-2AU, M-2AI, M-2BR, M-2BS, M-2BT, M-2BU, M-2BI, M-2RB, M-2SB, M-2TB, and M-2UB are Modifiable and Combinable STACR Notes (MAC Notes). Classes M-2I, M-2AI, and M-2BI are interest-only MAC Notes.


The A (low) (sf), BBB (sf), BB (high) (sf), and BB (sf) ratings reflect 3.000%, 2.000%, 1.625%, and 1.250% of credit enhancement, respectively. Other than the specified classes above, DBRS Morningstar does not rate any other classes in this transaction.


STACR 2022-HQA3 is the 27th transaction in the STACR HQA series. The Notes are subject to the credit and principal payment risk of a certain reference pool (the Reference Pool) of residential mortgage loans held in various Freddie Mac-guaranteed mortgage-backed securities.


As of the Cut-Off Date, the Reference Pool consists of 49,292 greater-than-20-year fully amortizing first-lien fixed-rate mortgage loans underwritten to a full documentation standard, with original loan-to-value (LTV) ratios greater than 80%. The mortgage loans were estimated to be originated on or after October 2020 and were securitized by Freddie Mac between November 1, 2021, and November 31, 2021.


On the Closing Date, the trust will enter into a Collateral Administration Agreement (CAA) with Freddie Mac. Freddie Mac, as the credit protection buyer, will be required to make transfer amount payments. The trust is expected to use the aggregate proceeds realized from the sale of the Notes to purchase certain eligible investments to be held in a custodian account. The eligible investments are restricted to highly rated, short-term investments. Cash flow from the Reference Pool will not be used to make any payments; instead, a portion of the eligible investments held in the custodian account will be liquidated to make principal payments to the Noteholders and return amount, if any, to Freddie Mac upon the occurrence of certain specified credit events and modification events.


The coupon rates for the Notes are based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR). There are replacement provisions in place in the event that SOFR is no longer available. DBRS Morningstar did not run interest rate stresses for this transaction, as the interest is not linked to the performance of the reference obligations. Instead, the trust will use the net investment earnings on the eligible investments together with Freddie Mac's transfer amount payments to pay interest to the Noteholders.


In this transaction, approximately 1.9% of the loans were originated using property values determined using Freddie Mac's automated collateral evaluation (ACE) assessment rather than a traditional full appraisal. Loans where the property values were determined using ACE assessments generally have better credit attributes.


The calculation of principal payments to the Notes will be based on actual principal collected on the Reference Pool. For STACR HQA transactions, beginning with the STACR 2018-HQA2 transaction, there has been a revision to principal allocation. The scheduled principal in prior transactions was allocated pro rata between the senior and nonsenior (mezzanine and subordinate) tranches, regardless of deal performance, while the unscheduled principal was allocated pro rata subject to certain performance tests being met. For the more recent transactions, the scheduled and unscheduled principal will be combined and allocated pro rata between the senior and nonsenior tranches only if the performance tests are satisfied.


For STACR 2022-HQA3, the minimum credit enhancement test is not set to fail at the Closing Date. This allows rated classes to receive principal payments from the First Payment Date, provided the other two performance tests-delinquency test and cumulative net loss test-are met. Additionally, the nonsenior tranches will be entitled to the supplemental subordinate reduction amount if the offered reference tranche percentage increases 5.50%.


The interest payments for these transactions are not linked to the performance of the Reference Obligations, except to the extent that modification losses have occurred. The Class B-3H Notes' coupon rate will be zero, which may reduce the cushion that rated classes have to the extent any modification losses arise. Additionally, payment deferrals will be treated as modification events and could lead to modification losses. Please see the Private Placement Memorandum for more details.


The Notes will be scheduled to mature on the payment date in August 2042, but they will be subject to mandatory redemption prior to the scheduled maturity date upon the termination of the CAA.


The sponsor of the transaction will be Freddie Mac. U.S. Bank Trust Company, National Association (rated AA (high) with a Stable trend and R-1 (high) with a Stable trend by DBRS Morningstar) will act as the Indenture Trustee and Exchange Administrator. Wilmington Trust National Association (rated AA (low) with a Stable trend and R-1 (middle) with a Stable trend by DBRS Morningstar) will act as the Owner Trustee. The Bank of New York Mellon (rated AA (high) with a Stable trend and R-1 (high) with a Stable trend by DBRS Morningstar) will act as the Custodian.


The Reference Pool consists of approximately 8.0% of loans originated under the Home Possible and HFA Advantage programs. Home Possible is Freddie Mac's affordable mortgage product designed to expand the availability of mortgage financing to creditworthy low- to moderate-income borrowers.


If a Reference Obligation is refinanced under the Enhanced Relief Refinance Program, the resulting refinanced reference obligation may be included in the Reference Pool as a replacement of the original reference obligation. The Enhanced Relief Refinance Program provides refinance opportunities to borrowers with existing Freddie Mac mortgages who are current in their mortgage payments but whose LTVs exceed the maximum permitted for standard refinance products. The refinancing and replacement of a reference obligation under this program will not constitute a credit event.


For this transaction, if a loan becomes delinquent and the related servicer reports that such loan is in disaster forbearance before the sixth reporting period from the landfall of a hurricane, Freddie Mac will remove the loan from the pool to the extent the related mortgaged property is located in a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) major disaster area and in which FEMA has authorized individual assistance to homeowners in such area as a result of such hurricane that affects such related mortgaged property prior to the Closing Date.


The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting isolation measures have caused an immediate economic contraction, leading to sharp increases in unemployment rates and income reductions for many consumers. Shortly after the onset of the pandemic, DBRS Morningstar saw an increase in delinquencies for many residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) asset classes.


Such mortgage delinquencies were mostly in the form of forbearances, which are generally short-term periods of payment relief that may perform very differently from traditional delinquencies. At the onset of the pandemic, the option to forbear mortgage payments was widely available, driving forbearances to an elevated level. When the dust settled, loans with coronavirus-induced forbearance in 2020 performed better than expected, thanks to government aid, low LTVs, and acceptable underwriting in the mortgage market in general. Across nearly all RMBS asset classes, delinquencies have been gradually trending downward, as forbearance periods come to an end for many borrowers.


As of the Cut-Off Date, there are no loans that are subject to an active coronavirus-related forbearance


plan with the Servicer.


For more information regarding the economic stress assumed under its baseline scenario, please see the following DBRS Morningstar commentary: 'Baseline Macroeconomic Scenarios For Rated Sovereigns: June 2022 Update.'


The ratings reflect transactional strengths that include the following:


Seller (or lender)/servicer approval process and quality control platform.


Well-diversified reference pool.


High-quality credit and loan attributes.


Strong alignment of interest.


Extensive performance history.


The transaction also includes the following challenges:


High LTV loans.


Representation and warranties framework.


Limited third-party due diligence.


Counterparty exposure.


The full description of the strengths, challenges, and mitigating factors is detailed in the related report.


ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL, GOVERNANCE CONSIDERATIONS


There were no Environmental/Social/Governance factors that had a significant or relevant effect on the credit analysis.


A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework can be found in the DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings at https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/396929.


Notes:


All figures are in U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted.


The principal methodology is RMBS Insight 1.3: U.S. Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Model and Rating Methodology (April 1, 2020), which can be found on dbrsmorningstar.com under Methodologies & Criteria.


The DBRS Morningstar Sovereign group releases baseline macroeconomic scenarios for rated sovereigns. DBRS Morningstar analysis considered impacts consistent with the baseline scenarios as set forth in the following report: https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/384482.


The rated entity or its related entities did participate in the rating process for this rating action. DBRS Morningstar had access to the accounts and other relevant internal documents of the rated entity or its related entities in connection with this rating action.


Please see the related appendix for additional information regarding the sensitivity of assumptions used in the rating process.


The full report providing additional analytical detail is available by clicking on the link under Related Documents below or by contacting us at info@dbrsmorningstar.com.


For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit www.dbrsmorningstar.com or contact us at info@dbrsmorningstar.com.


DBRS, Inc.


140 Broadway, 43rd Floor


New York, NY 10005 USA


Tel. +1 212 806-3277


Ratings


Date Issued Debt Rated Rating Trend Action Attributesi


US = Lead Analyst based in USA


CA = Lead Analyst based in Canada


EU = Lead Analyst based in EU


UK = Lead Analyst based in UK


E = EU endorsed


U = UK endorsed


Unsolicited Participating With Access


Unsolicited Participating Without Access


Unsolicited Non-participating


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-1A A (low) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-1B BBB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2A BB (high) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2AI BB (high) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2AR BB (high) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2AS BB (high) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2AT BB (high) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2AU BB (high) (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2 BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2B BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2BI BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2BR BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2BS BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2BT BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2BU BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2I BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2R BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2RB BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2S BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2SB BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2T BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2TB BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2U BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


12-Aug-22 Structured Agency Credit Risk (STACR) REMIC 2022-HQA3 Notes, Class M-2UB BB (sf) -- Provis.-Final US


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