ALBEMARLE CORPORATIO

ALB
Delayed Quote. Delayed  - 09/22 04:10:00 pm
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Albemarle : Reports Second Quarter Results

08/05/2020 | 04:16pm

CHARLOTTE, N.C., Aug. 5, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Albemarle Corporation (NYSE: ALB) today announced its results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2020.

Second Quarter 2020 Highlights
(Unless otherwise stated, all percent changes are based on year-over-year comparisons)

  • Net income of $86 million, or $0.80 per diluted share; Adjusted diluted EPS of $0.86
  • Net sales of $764 million decreased by 14%, in-line with Q2 2020 outlook
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $185 million decreased by 29%, in-line with Q2 2020 outlook
  • Our plants continue to operate without material impact from the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Maintained our quarterly dividend of $0.385 per share, an increase of approximately 5% over the quarterly dividend paid in 2019
  • Continued actions to bolster our balance sheet and enhance financial flexibility include the previously announced covenant amendment
  • Cost savings initiatives remain on track: realization of between $50 and $70 million of sustainable cost savings in 2020; implementation of short-term cash management actions to save between $25 and $40 million per quarter; and deferral of 2020 capital spending by about $150 million from plan

"We are pleased that our net sales and adjusted EBITDA were at the upper range of our outlook this quarter. These results are due in no small part to the diligence of our global teams who continue to operate our businesses safely and efficiently," said Albemarle CEO Kent Masters. "We remain confident that we have the right strategy in place to deliver value to our stakeholders by investing in and growing our Lithium business. While our strategy has not materially changed, the environment in which we operate has changed dramatically. Our response must be to focus on operational discipline in terms of manufacturing, business, and capital project excellence."

Outlook

Albemarle anticipates that its third quarter 2020 performance will be lower year-over-year based on reduced global economic activity due to the global pandemic. As previously disclosed, we have withdrawn full-year 2020 outlook given the uncertainty around the duration and economic impact of the pandemic. We intend to reintroduce our full-year outlook as the situation allows. In an effort to help investors better understand our business, we have temporarily introduced a quarterly outlook.


Q3 2020 Outlook

Net sales

$700 - $775 million

Adjusted EBITDA

$140 - $190 million

COVID-19 Response

Albemarle's cross-functional Global Response Team continues to meet weekly to assess the situation and take necessary actions to address employee health and safety and operational challenges. Protocols including restricted travel, shift adjustments, increased hygiene, and social distancing for the essential workers at our plants remain in place at all locations. In some regions, including China, Australia, and Europe, our employees have returned to work. Other regions, including most of North and South America, remain on work-from-home protocols for non-essential personnel.   

Second Quarter Results

In millions, except per share amounts

Q2 2020


Q2 2019


$ Change


% Change

Net sales

$

764.0



$

885.1



$

(121.0)



(13.7)

%

Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

85.6



$

154.2



$

(68.6)



(44.5)

%

Adjusted EBITDA(a)

$

185.2



$

261.9



$

(76.7)



(29.3)

%

Diluted earnings per share

$

0.80



$

1.45



$

(0.65)



(44.8)

%

   Non-operating pension and OPEB items(a)

(0.02)



(0.01)






   Non-recurring and other unusual items(a)

0.07



0.10






Adjusted diluted earnings per share(b)

$

0.86



$

1.55



$

(0.69)



(44.5)

%

(a) See Non-GAAP Reconciliations for further details.
(b) Totals may not add due to rounding.

Net sales of $764.0 million decreased by $121.0 million compared to the prior year quarter, primarily driven by the Catalysts and Lithium business segments as discussed below.

Adjusted EBITDA of $185.2 million decreased by $76.7 million from the prior year quarter due to lower net sales, which were partially offset by productivity and cost improvements. Similarly, net income attributable to Albemarle of $85.6 million decreased by $68.6 million from the prior year. Corporate costs including SG&A were down compared to the prior year period as a result of cost savings initiatives. 

The effective income tax rate for Q2 2020 was 17.5% compared to 18.2% in the same period in 2019. The difference is largely due to a change in the geographic mix of earnings. On an adjusted basis, the effective income tax rates were 18.9% and 18.4% for the second quarter of 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Business Segment Results

Lithium


In millions

Q2 2020


Q2 2019


$ Change


% Change

Net Sales

$

283.7



$

324.8



$

(41.0)



(12.6)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

94.5



$

141.8



$

(47.2)



(33.3)

%

Lithium net sales of $283.7 million declined $41.0 million primarily due to lower market and contract pricing. Lower contract pricing reflects 2020 battery-grade price adjustments that were agreed to in late 2019. Adjusted EBITDA of $94.5 million declined by $47.2 million primarily due to reduced net sales as well as reduced Talison equity income. The decline was partially offset by cost savings initiatives and efficiency improvements.

Current Trends: We expect the impact of low OEM automotive production to be felt more acutely in Q3 2020. At the same time, we are seeing impacts of lower market prices, higher inventory in the battery channel, and reduced demand in the glass and ceramics markets. As a result, we expect Q3 2020 EBITDA to be down about 10% to 20% compared to Q2 2020.   

Bromine Specialties


In millions

Q2 2020


Q2 2019


$ Change


% Change

Net Sales

$

232.8



$

255.4



$

(22.7)



(8.9)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

73.0



$

81.3



$

(8.3)



(10.2)

%

Bromine net sales of $232.8 million declined $22.7 million primarily due to lower volumes driven by COVID-19 related impacts. Adjusted EBITDA of $73.0 million declined $8.3 million due to lower net sales, which were partially offset by cost savings initiatives. 

Current Trends: Third quarter 2020 EBITDA is expected to be similar to Q2 2020. Due to our position in the supply chain, the impact of COVID-19 related weakness began in Q2 2020 and is expected to continue into Q3 2020. Strong demand for surfactants and stabilization in building and construction helps offset weakness in other end use markets.     

Catalysts


In millions

Q2 2020


Q2 2019


$ Change


% Change

Net Sales

$

197.1



$

266.3



$

(69.2)



(26.0)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

22.8



$

66.9



$

(44.1)



(65.9)

%

Catalysts net sales of $197.1 million declined $69.2 million due primarily to lower volumes. Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) volume was down primarily from lower transportation fuel consumption as a result of stay-at-home orders and travel restrictions. Hydroprocessing Catalysts (HPC) volumes were also down due to normal lumpiness of shipments and some softness related to lower oil prices and reduced fuel demand. Adjusted EBITDA of $22.8 million declined $44.1 million as a result of lower net sales and a net $12 million correction of out-of-period errors regarding inventory values and freight accruals. The errors primarily relate to Q1 2020 results (see note to the income statement).  Adjusted EBITDA was favorably impacted by cost savings initiatives and efficiency improvements.

Current Trends:  We expect FCC demand to partially recover in H2 2020 as travel begins to increase and global gasoline inventories deplete. Conversely, we expect that HPC will be negatively impacted in H2 2020 as refiners defer spending into 2021 and 2022. As a result, Q3 2020 EBITDA is expected to remain down about 50% to 60% from prior year. 

All Other


In millions

Q2 2020


Q2 2019


$ Change


% Change

Net Sales

$

50.5



$

38.6



$

11.9



31.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

18.6



$

11.2



$

7.4



65.5

%

Other operations represents our Fine Chemistry Services (FCS) business. FCS net sales of $50.5 million increased $11.9 million and adjusted EBITDA of $18.6 million increased $7.4 million. The FCS business tends to be contract driven. Recent contracts include life sciences products which are typically anti-cyclical.

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

As of June 30, 2020, Albemarle had estimated liquidity of over $1.5 billion, including $737 million of cash and equivalents, $550 million remaining under our $1 billion revolver, and $220 million on other available credit lines. Total debt was $3.5 billion, representing net debt to adjusted EBITDA of approximately 3.2 times.

As previously disclosed, we recently negotiated a covenant amendment to ensure ongoing financial flexibility. The revised covenant is based on net debt to adjusted EBITDA, with a maximum ratio of 4.5 times for the third quarter 2020 through third quarter 2021, decreasing to 4.0 times in the fourth quarter of 2021, and 3.5 times thereafter. 

Cash Flow and Capital Deployment

Cash from operations for the six months ended June 30, 2020, of $207.9 million, increased $8.6 million versus the prior year as reduced working capital outflows in 2020 offset lower earnings. Capital expenditures of $419.0 million were in-line with the prior year as progress continued on our Lithium expansion projects.

Our primary capital allocation priorities are to maintain our investment grade rating and our quarterly dividend while preserving our long-term growth profile. 

In order to preserve cash and align with the current economic environment, we have accelerated our previously announced cost savings initiatives, implemented short-term cash management tactics, and delayed capital expenditures. We continue to anticipate realizing $50 to $70 million of sustainable cost savings in 2020. Expected  full-year 2020 capital spending remains approximately $850 to $950 million

In May, the board declared a quarterly dividend of $0.385 per share, an increase of approximately 5% over the quarterly dividend paid in 2019. We expect 2020 to be our 26th consecutive year of dividend increase, and the company remains committed to shareholder returns.

Our share repurchase authorization remains in place; however, there are no near-term plans to execute share buybacks. Divestiture activity is ongoing but has been slowed as travel restrictions have delayed due diligence processes. 

Earnings Call

Date:

Thursday, August 6, 2020

Time:

9:00 AM Eastern time

Dial-in (U.S.):

844-347-1034

Dial-in (International):

209-905-5910

Passcode:

3673986

The Company's earnings presentation and supporting material are available on Albemarle's website at https://investors.albemarle.com.

About Albemarle

Albemarle Corporation (NYSE: ALB), headquartered in Charlotte, N.C., is a global specialty chemicals company with leading positions in lithium, bromine and refining catalysts. We think beyond business-as-usual to power the potential of companies in many of the world's largest and most critical industries, such as energy, electronics, and transportation. We actively pursue a sustainable approach to managing our diverse global footprint of world-class resources. In conjunction with our highly experienced and talented global teams, our deep-seated values, and our collaborative customer relationships, we create value-added and performance-based solutions that enable a safer and more sustainable future.

We regularly post information to www.albemarle.com, including notification of events, news, financial performance, investor presentations and webcasts, non-GAAP reconciliations, SEC filings and other information regarding our company, its businesses and the markets it serves.

Forward-Looking Statements

Some of the information presented in this press release, the conference call and discussions that follow, including, without limitation, information related to product development, production capacity, committed volumes, market trends, pricing, expected growth, earnings and demand for our products, input costs, surcharges, tax rates, stock repurchases, dividends, cash flow generation, costs and cost synergies, capital projects, economic trends, outlook and all other information relating to matters that are not historical facts may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ materially from the views expressed. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the outlook expressed or implied in any forward-looking statement include, without limitation: changes in economic and business conditions; changes in financial and operating performance of our major customers and industries and markets served by us; the timing of orders received from customers; the gain or loss of significant customers; competition from other manufacturers; changes in the demand for our products or the end-user markets in which our products are sold; limitations or prohibitions on the manufacture and sale of our products; availability of raw materials; increases in the cost of raw materials and energy, and our ability to pass through such increases to our customers; changes in our markets in general; fluctuations in foreign currencies; changes in laws and government regulation impacting our operations or our products; the occurrence of regulatory actions, proceedings, claims or litigation; the occurrence of cyber-security breaches, terrorist attacks, industrial accidents, natural disasters or climate change; the inability to maintain current levels of product or premises liability insurance or the denial of such coverage; political unrest affecting the global economy, including adverse effects from terrorism or hostilities; political instability affecting our manufacturing operations or joint ventures; changes in accounting standards; the inability to achieve results from our global manufacturing cost reduction initiatives as well as our ongoing continuous improvement and rationalization programs; changes in the jurisdictional mix of our earnings and changes in tax laws and rates; changes in monetary policies, inflation or interest rates that may impact our ability to raise capital or increase our cost of funds, impact the performance of our pension fund investments and increase our pension expense and funding obligations; volatility and uncertainties in the debt and equity markets; technology or intellectual property infringement, including cyber-security breaches, and other innovation risks; decisions we may make in the future; the ability to successfully execute, operate and integrate acquisitions and divestitures; uncertainties as to the duration and impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic; and the other factors detailed from time to time in the reports we file with the SEC, including those described under "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release. We assume no obligation to provide any revisions to any forward-looking statements should circumstances change, except as otherwise required by securities and other applicable laws.

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts) (Unaudited)



Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


June 30,


June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Net sales

$

764,049



$

885,052



$

1,502,894



$

1,717,116


Cost of goods sold1

530,690



559,138



1,027,517



1,107,716


Gross profit

233,359



325,914



475,377



609,400


Selling, general and administrative expenses

106,949



126,715



208,826



240,070


Research and development expenses

14,210



13,462



30,307



28,439


Operating profit

112,200



185,737



236,244



340,891


Interest and financing expenses

(17,852)



(11,601)



(34,737)



(24,187)


Other (expenses) income, net

(6,273)



(7,065)



2,041



4,226


Income before income taxes and equity in net income of unconsolidated investments

88,075



167,071



203,548



320,930


Income tax expense

15,431



30,411



33,873



67,925


Income before equity in net income of unconsolidated investments

72,644



136,660



169,675



253,005


Equity in net income of unconsolidated investments (net of tax)

31,114



38,310



57,718



73,491


Net income

103,758



174,970



227,393



326,496


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

(18,134)



(20,772)



(34,565)



(38,729)


Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

85,624



$

154,198



$

192,828



$

287,767


Basic earnings per share

$

0.81



$

1.46



$

1.81



$

2.72


Diluted earnings per share

$

0.80



$

1.45



$

1.81



$

2.71










Weighted-average common shares outstanding – basic

106,329



105,961



106,278



105,880


Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted

106,535



106,316



106,524



106,336


1 Cost of goods sold for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 includes a net expense of $9.8 million for the correction of out-of-period errors regarding understated cost of goods sold for inventory values within the Catalysts segment and overstated freight accruals primarily within the Lithium and Catalysts segments. 

 

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In Thousands) (Unaudited)



June 30,


December 31,


2020


2019

ASSETS




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

736,696



$

613,110


Trade accounts receivable

517,626



612,651


Other accounts receivable

76,957



67,551


Inventories

851,256



768,984


Other current assets

109,874



162,813


Total current assets

2,292,409



2,225,109


Property, plant and equipment

7,138,969



6,817,843


Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

2,002,612



1,908,370


Net property, plant and equipment

5,136,357



4,909,473


Investments

614,145



579,813


Other assets

213,223



213,061


Goodwill

1,571,280



1,578,785


Other intangibles, net of amortization

342,839



354,622


Total assets

$

10,170,253



$

9,860,863


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY




Current liabilities:




Accounts payable

$

523,160



$

574,138


Accrued expenses

399,456



553,160


Current portion of long-term debt

406,201



187,336


Dividends payable

40,728



38,764


Current operating lease liability

21,808



23,137


Income taxes payable

29,450



32,461


Total current liabilities

1,420,803



1,408,996


Long-term debt

3,132,191



2,862,921


Postretirement benefits

50,362



50,899


Pension benefits

284,480



292,073


Other noncurrent liabilities

670,001



754,536


Deferred income taxes

406,255



397,858


Commitments and contingencies




Equity:




Albemarle Corporation shareholders' equity:




Common stock

1,064



1,061


Additional paid-in capital

1,400,105



1,383,446


Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(431,131)



(395,735)


Retained earnings

3,054,434



2,943,478


Total Albemarle Corporation shareholders' equity

4,024,472



3,932,250


Noncontrolling interests

181,689



161,330


Total equity

4,206,161



4,093,580


Total liabilities and equity

$

10,170,253



$

9,860,863


 

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Selected Consolidated Cash Flow Data
(In Thousands) (Unaudited)



Six Months Ended
June 30,


2020


2019

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

$

613,110



$

555,320


Cash flows from operating activities:




Net income

227,393



326,496


Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows from operating activities:




Depreciation and amortization

111,535



102,231


Gain on sale of property



(11,079)


Stock-based compensation and other

9,765



10,136


Equity in net income of unconsolidated investments (net of tax)

(57,718)



(73,491)


Dividends received from unconsolidated investments and nonmarketable securities

12,984



60,291


Pension and postretirement (benefit) expense

(3,312)



1,055


Pension and postretirement contributions

(6,692)



(7,778)


Unrealized gain on investments in marketable securities

(1,278)



(577)


Deferred income taxes

8,990



3,570


Working capital changes

(156,579)



(223,238)


Other, net

62,829



11,672


Net cash provided by operating activities

207,917



199,288


Cash flows from investing activities:




Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(22,572)




Capital expenditures

(418,991)



(415,626)


Proceeds from sale of property and equipment



10,356


Sales of marketable securities, net

1,496



908


Investments in equity and other corporate investments

(486)



(2,549)


Net cash used in investing activities

(440,553)



(406,911)


Cash flows from financing activities:




Proceeds from borrowings of credit agreements

452,163




Other borrowings, net

12,956



183,052


Dividends paid to shareholders

(79,909)



(74,313)


Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

(14,286)



(38,962)


Proceeds from exercise of stock options

10,809



3,205


Withholding taxes paid on stock-based compensation award distributions

(4,019)



(10,570)


Debt financing costs

(2,669)




Other



(445)


Net cash provided by financing activities

375,045



61,967


Net effect of foreign exchange on cash and cash equivalents

(18,823)



(11,481)


Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

123,586



(157,137)


Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

736,696



$

398,183


 

Albemarle Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Summary of Segment Results
(In Thousands) (Unaudited)



Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


June 30,


June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Net sales:








Lithium

$

283,722



$

324,758



$

520,540



$

616,644


Bromine Specialties

232,779



255,433



464,371



504,485


Catalysts

197,053



266,301



404,260



517,949


All Other

50,495



38,560



113,723



78,038


Total net sales

$

764,049



$

885,052



$

1,502,894



$

1,717,116










Adjusted EBITDA:








Lithium

$

94,536



$

141,779



$

173,173



$

257,395


Bromine Specialties

73,041



81,332



156,303



159,929


Catalysts

22,777



66,875



70,247



126,946


All Other

18,598



11,240



41,422



18,483


Corporate

(23,759)



(39,326)



(59,587)



(74,986)


Total adjusted EBITDA

$

185,193



$

261,900



$

381,558



$

487,767


See accompanying non-GAAP reconciliations below.

Additional Information

It should be noted that adjusted net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation, adjusted diluted earnings per share, non-operating pension and OPEB items per diluted share, non-recurring and other unusual items per diluted share, adjusted effective income tax rates, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, EBITDA margin and adjusted EBITDA margin are financial measures that are not required by, or presented in accordance with, accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP. These non-GAAP measures should not be considered as alternatives to Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation ("earnings"). These measures are presented here to provide additional useful measurements to review our operations, provide transparency to investors and enable period-to-period comparability of financial performance. The Company's chief operating decision maker uses these measures to assess the ongoing performance of the Company and its segments, as well as for business and enterprise planning purposes.

A description of other non-GAAP financial measures that we use to evaluate our operations and financial performance, and reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP can be found on the following pages of this press release, which is also is available on Albemarle's website at https://investors.albemarle.com. The Company does not provide a reconciliation of forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP, as the Company is unable to estimate significant non-recurring or unusual items without unreasonable effort. The amounts and timing of these items are uncertain and could be material to the Company's results calculated in accordance with GAAP.

ALBEMARLE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Non-GAAP Reconciliations
(Unaudited)

See below for a reconciliation of adjusted net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, the non-GAAP financial measures, to Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation ("earnings"), the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted earnings is defined as earnings before the non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items as listed below. EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest and financing expenses, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA and the non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items as listed below.


Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


June 30,


June 30,

In thousands, except percentages and per share amounts

2020


2019


2020


2019

Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

85,624



$

154,198



$

192,828



$

287,767


Add back:








Non-operating pension and OPEB items (net of tax)

(2,299)



(693)



(4,610)



(1,262)


Non-recurring and other unusual items (net of tax)

7,907



10,754



9,400



8,742


Adjusted net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

91,232



$

164,259



$

197,618



$

295,247










Adjusted diluted earnings per share

$

0.86



$

1.55



$

1.86



$

2.78










Weighted-average common shares outstanding – diluted

106,535



106,316



106,524



106,336










Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

85,624



$

154,198



$

192,828



$

287,767


Add back:








Interest and financing expenses

17,852



11,601



34,737



24,187


Income tax expense

15,431



30,411



33,873



67,925


Depreciation and amortization

57,841



52,948



111,535



102,231


EBITDA

176,748



249,158



372,973



482,110


Non-operating pension and OPEB items

(2,895)



(676)



(5,803)



(1,259)


Non-recurring and other unusual items

11,340



13,418



14,388



6,916


Adjusted EBITDA

$

185,193



$

261,900



$

381,558



$

487,767










Net sales

$

764,049



$

885,052



$

1,502,894



$

1,717,116


EBITDA margin

23.1

%


28.2

%


24.8

%


28.1

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

24.2

%


29.6

%


25.4

%


28.4

%

See below for a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA on a segment basis, the non-GAAP financial measure, to Net income attributable to Albemarle Corporation, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP (in thousands, except percentages).


Lithium


Bromine
Specialties


Catalysts


Reportable
Segments
Total


All Other


Corporate


Consolidated
Total


% of
Net
Sales

Three months ended June 30, 2020
















Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

66,038



$

60,692



$

10,702



$

137,432



$

16,425



$

(68,233)



$

85,624



11.2

%

Depreciation and amortization

28,498



12,349



12,075



52,922



2,173



2,746



57,841



7.6

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items











11,340



11,340



1.5

%

Interest and financing expenses











17,852



17,852



2.3

%

Income tax expense











15,431



15,431



2.0

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items











(2,895)



(2,895)



(0.4)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

94,536



$

73,041



$

22,777



$

190,354



$

18,598



$

(23,759)



$

185,193



24.2

%

















Three months ended June 30, 2019
















Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

117,303



$

69,616



$

54,124



$

241,043



$

9,118



$

(95,963)



$

154,198



17.4

%

Depreciation and amortization

24,365



11,716



12,751



48,832



2,122



1,994



52,948



6.0

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items

111







111





13,307



13,418



1.5

%

Interest and financing expenses











11,601



11,601



1.3

%

Income tax expense











30,411



30,411



3.5

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items











(676)



(676)



(0.1)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

141,779



$

81,332



$

66,875



$

289,986



$

11,240



$

(39,326)



$

261,900



29.6

%

















Six months ended June 30, 2020
















Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

119,278



$

132,357



$

45,594



$

297,229



$

37,271



$

(141,672)



$

192,828



12.8

%

Depreciation and amortization

53,895



23,946



24,653



102,494



4,151



4,890



111,535



7.4

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items











14,388



14,388



1.0

%

Interest and financing expenses











34,737



34,737



2.3

%

Income tax expense











33,873



33,873



2.3

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items











(5,803)



(5,803)



(0.4)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

173,173



$

156,303



$

70,247



$

399,723



$

41,422



$

(59,587)



$

381,558



25.4

%

















Six months ended June 30, 2019
















Net income (loss) attributable to Albemarle Corporation

$

210,472



$

137,096



$

101,983



$

449,551



$

14,324



$

(176,108)



$

287,767



16.8

%

Depreciation and amortization

46,457



22,833



24,963



94,253



4,159



3,819



102,231



5.9

%

Non-recurring and other unusual items

466







466





6,450



6,916



0.4

%

Interest and financing expenses











24,187



24,187



1.4

%

Income tax expense











67,925



67,925



4.0

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items











(1,259)



(1,259)



(0.1)

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

257,395



$

159,929



$

126,946



$

544,270



$

18,483



$

(74,986)



$

487,767



28.4

%

Non-operating pension and OPEB items, consisting of mark-to-market actuarial gains/losses, settlements/curtailments, interest cost and expected return on assets, are not allocated to our operating segments and are included in the Corporate category. In addition, we believe that these components of pension cost are mainly driven by market performance, and we manage these separately from the operational performance of our businesses. In accordance with GAAP, these non-operating pension and OPEB items are included in Other (expenses) income, net. Non-operating pension and OPEB items were as follows (in thousands):


Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


June 30,


June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Interest cost

$

7,133



$

8,769



$

14,288



$

17,638


Expected return on assets

(10,028)



(9,445)



(20,091)



(18,897)


Total

$

(2,895)



$

(676)



$

(5,803)



$

(1,259)


In addition to the non-operating pension and OPEB items disclosed above, we have identified certain other items and excluded them from our adjusted net income calculation for the periods presented. A listing of these items, as well as a detailed description of each follows below (per diluted share):


Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended


June 30,


June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Restructuring and other(1)

$

0.04



$

0.04



$

0.06



$

0.05


Acquisition and integration related costs(2)

0.04



0.04



0.06



0.07


Gain on sale of property(3)







(0.08)


Other(4)

(0.01)



0.03



(0.02)



0.02


Discrete tax items(5)



(0.01)



(0.01)



0.02


Total non-recurring and other unusual items

$

0.07



$

0.10



$

0.09



$

0.08





(1)

Severance expenses of $6.7 million ($4.7 million after income taxes, or $0.04 per share) included in Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020. In addition, we recorded severance expenses in Cost of goods sold, Selling, general and administrative expenses and Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest for the six months ended June 30, 2020 of $0.7 million, $8.2 million and a $0.3 million gain ($6.2 million after income taxes, or $0.06 per share), respectively. These severance expenses are part of a business reorganization plan, primarily within our Lithium business in Germany, as well in our Bromine Specialties business in 2020. The balance of unpaid severance is recorded in Accrued expenses and is expected to primarily be paid through the first quarter of 2021. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, severance expenses of $4.8 million ($4.4 million after income taxes, or $0.04 per share) and $5.3 million ($4.9 million after income taxes, or $0.05 per share), respectively, were recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses as part of a business reorganization plan primarily in Catalysts, Lithium and Corporate.



(2)

Costs related to the acquisition, integration and potential divestitures for various significant projects, recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 of $5.5 million and $8.4 million ($4.2 million and $6.5 million after income taxes, or $0.04 and $0.06 per share), respectively, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 of $5.0 million and $10.3 million ($3.8 million and $7.9 million after income taxes, or $0.04 and $0.07 per share), respectively.



(3)

Included in Other (expenses) income, net, for the six months ended June 30, 2019 is a gain of $11.1 million ($8.5 million after income taxes, or $0.08 per share) related to the sale of land in Pasadena, Texas not used as part of our operations.



(4)

Other adjustments for the three months ended June 30, 2020 included amounts recorded in:


Other (expenses) income, net - $0.9 million ($0.6 million after income taxes, or $0.01 per share) net gain primarily relating to the sale of idle properties in Germany.




Other adjustments for the six months ended June 30, 2020 included amounts recorded in:


Other (expenses) income, net - $2.7 million gain resulting from the settlement of a legal matter related to a business sold and $0.8 million net gain primarily relating to the sale of idle properties in Germany, partially offset by a $0.8 million loss resulting from the adjustment of indemnifications related to previously disposed businesses.


After income taxes, this net gain totaled $1.7 million, or $0.02 per share.




Other adjustments for the three months ended June 30, 2019 included amounts recorded in:


Cost of goods sold - $0.1 million related to non-routine labor and compensation related costs in Chile that are outside normal compensation arrangements.


Selling, general and administrative expenses - $4.8 million related to severance payments as part of a business reorganization plan and $1.0 million of shortfall contributions for our multiemployer plan financial improvement plan.



Other (expenses) income, net - $2.5 million of a net loss primarily resulting from the revision of indemnifications related to previously disposed businesses.


After income taxes, these charges totaled $3.3 million, or $0.03 per share.




Other adjustments for the six months ended June 30, 2019 included amounts recorded in:


Cost of goods sold - $0.5 million related to non-routine labor and compensation related costs in Chile that are outside normal compensation arrangements.


Selling, general and administrative expenses - $5.3 million related to severance payments as part of a business reorganization plan and $1.0 million of shortfall contributions for our multiemployer plan financial improvement plan.


Other (expenses) income, net - $0.9 million of a net loss primarily resulting from the revision of indemnifications and other liabilities related to previously disposed businesses.


After income taxes, these charges totaled $2.0 million or $0.02 per share.



(5)

Included in Income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are discrete net tax benefits of $0.5 million, or less than $0.01 per share, and $1.6 million, or $0.01 per share, respectively. The net benefit for the three months is primarily related to lapses in statute of limitations.  The net benefit for the six months is primarily related to excess tax benefits realized from stock-based compensation arrangements.




Included in Income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 are discrete net tax benefits of $0.8 million, or $0.01 per share, and expenses of $2.4 million, or $0.02 per share, respectively. The net benefit for the three months is primarily related to foreign return to accrual adjustments. The net expense for the six months is primarily related to expenses for uncertain tax positions and foreign return to accrual adjustments, partially offset by a benefit for excess tax benefits realized from stock-based compensation arrangements.

See below for a reconciliation of the adjusted effective income tax rate, the non-GAAP financial measure, to the effective income tax rate, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and reported in accordance with GAAP (in thousands, except percentages).


Income before
income taxes and
equity in net income
of unconsolidated
investments


Income tax expense


Effective income tax
rate

Three months ended June 30, 2020






As reported

$

88,075



$

15,431



17.5

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

8,445



2,837




As adjusted

$

96,520



$

18,268



18.9

%







Three months ended June 30, 2019






As reported

$

167,071



$

30,411



18.2

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

12,742



2,681




As adjusted

$

179,813



$

33,092



18.4

%







Six months ended June 30, 2020






As reported

$

203,548



$

33,873



16.6

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

8,906



3,795




As adjusted

$

212,454



$

37,668



17.7

%







Six months ended June 30, 2019






As reported

$

320,930



$

67,925



21.2

%

Non-recurring, other unusual and non-operating pension and OPEB items

5,657



(1,823)




As adjusted

$

326,587



$

66,102



20.2

%

 

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SOURCE Albemarle Corporation

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