Classes A-IO1, A-IO2, A-IO3, A-IO4, A-IO5, A-IO6, A-IO7, A-IO8, A-IO9, A-IO10, and A-IO11 are interest-only certificates. The class balances represent notional amounts.
Classes A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, A-5, A-6, A-7, A-9, A-10, A-11, A-13, A-15, A-17, A-19, A-20, A-IO2, A-IO3, A-IO4, A-IO6, and A-IO11 are exchangeable certificates. These classes can be exchanged for combinations of initial exchangeable certificates as specified in the offering documents.
Classes A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4, A-5, A-6, A-7, A-8, A-9, A-10, A-11, A-12, A-13, A-14, A-15, and A-16 are super-senior certificates. These classes benefit from additional protection from senior support certificates (Classes A-17 and A-18) with respect to loss allocation.
Other than the specified classes above, DBRS Morningstar does not rate any other classes in this transaction.
The Trust is a securitization of a portfolio of first-lien fixed-rate prime residential mortgages funded by the issuance of the Certificates. The Certificates are backed by 955 loans with a total principal balance of
The pool consists of fully amortizing fixed-rate mortgages with original terms to maturity of 30 years and a weighted-average loan age of five months. In contrast to prior DBRS Morningstar-rated WFMBS prime transactions, WFMBS 2021-2 mostly comprises conforming mortgages (99.2% of the pool), which were underwritten using an automated underwriting system designated by
Another difference from prior DBRS Morningstar-rated WFMBS prime transactions is the sample size is lower than 100% for third-party due-diligence reviews. Details on the scope of third-party due-diligence reviews can be found in the Third-Party Due Diligence section of the presale.
In addition, the pool contains a moderate concentration of loans that were granted appraisal waivers by the agencies (6.5%) or used desktop appraisals (17.2%). In its analysis, DBRS Morningstar applied property value haircuts to such loans, which increased the expected losses on the collateral.
All of the mortgage loans were either (1) originated by
For this transaction, unlike prior DBRS Morningstar-rated WFMBS prime securitizations, the servicing fee payable to the Servicer comprises three separate components: the base servicing fee, the delinquent servicing fee, and the additional servicing fee. These fees vary based on the delinquency status of the related loan and will be paid from interest collections before distribution to the securities. The base servicing fee will reduce the Net weighted-average coupon (WAC) payable to certificateholders as part of the aggregate expense calculation. However, except for the Class B-6 Net WAC, the delinquent and additional servicing fees will not be included in the reduction of Net WAC and will thus reduce available funds entitled to the certificateholders. To capture the impact of such potential fees, DBRS Morningstar ran additional cash flow stresses based on its 60+-day delinquency and default curves, as detailed in the Cash Flow Analysis section of the presale.
The transaction employs a senior-subordinate, shifting-interest cash flow structure that is enhanced from a pre-crisis structure.
For this transaction, 44 loans (4.3% of the pool by balance) are in counties designated by the
Coronavirus Pandemic Impact
The coronavirus pandemic and the resulting isolation measures have caused an immediate economic contraction, leading to sharp increases in unemployment rates and income reductions for many consumers. DBRS Morningstar saw increases in delinquencies for many residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) asset classes, shortly after the onset of coronavirus.
Such mortgage delinquencies were mostly in the form of forbearance, which are generally short-term payment reliefs that may perform very differently from traditional delinquencies. At the onset of coronavirus, because the option to forebear mortgage payments was so widely available, it drove forbearance to a very high level. When the dust settled, coronavirus-induced forbearance in 2020 performed better than expected, thanks to government aid, low loan-to-value ratios, and good underwriting in the mortgage market in general. Across nearly all RMBS asset classes, delinquencies have been gradually trending down in recent months as forbearance periods come to an end for many borrowers.
As of the Cut-Off Date, there are no loans that are subject to an active coronavirus-related forbearance plan with the Servicer. Any loan that enters into a coronavirus-related forbearance plan after the Cut-Off Date and prior to or on the Closing Date will be repurchased within 30 days of the Closing Date. Loans that enter into a coronavirus-related forbearance plan after the Closing Date will remain in the pool.
For more information regarding rating methodologies and the coronavirus, please see the following DBRS Morningstar press releases: 'DBRS Morningstar Provides Update on Rating Methodologies in Light of Measures to Contain Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19),' dated
The ratings reflect transactional strengths that include high-quality credit attributes, well-qualified borrowers, financial strength of the counterparties, satisfactory third-party due-diligence review, structural enhancements, and 100% current loans.
The ratings reflect transactional challenges that include weaknesses in the R&W framework and a large percentage of loans that employed desktop appraisals in the property valuations or had appraisal waivers granted by the
The full description of the strengths, challenges, and mitigating factors is detailed in the related presale report.
A description of how DBRS Morningstar considers ESG factors within the DBRS Morningstar analytical framework can be found in the DBRS Morningstar Criteria: Approach to Environmental, Social, and Governance Risk Factors in Credit Ratings at https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/373262.
All figures are in
The principal methodology is RMBS Insight 1.3:
For more information regarding rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release: https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/357883.
For more information regarding structured finance rating methodologies and Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), please see the following DBRS Morningstar press release: https://www.dbrsmorningstar.com/research/358308.
The rated entity or its related entities did participate in the rating process for this rating action. DBRS Morningstar had access to the accounts and other relevant internal documents of the rated entity or its related entities in connection with this rating action.
Please see the related appendix for additional information regarding the sensitivity of assumptions used in the rating process.
The full report providing additional analytical detail is available by clicking on the link under Related Documents below or by contacting us at email@example.com.
For more information on this credit or on this industry, visit www.dbrsmorningstar.com or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Date Issued Debt Rated Action Rating Trend Attributesi
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